Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

Congestive heart failure occurs when there is any sort of reduction in the blood flow to the body and congestion of fluid into the liver, lungs, abdomen, and lower extremities. However, not all heart failure could be termed as congestive in nature. You might experience shortness in breath or weakness due to heart failure without experiencing any fluid buildup.

According to heart specialists, during heart failure, the body tries to compensate for such reduced blood flow by the way of enlarging the heart chamber, developing more muscle mass, pumping itself faster or even diverting the blood.

Also read: 8 Ways to Break Bad Eating Habits

All these compensations might mask the failure of the heart on a temporary basis, however, eventually the failure of the heart gets worse and the people suffering from it start experiencing discomfort such as fatigue, breathing problems and many other symptoms.

Causes of congestive heart failure:

Congestive heart failure is caused as a result of the following conditions:-

1. Coronary artery disease:

The coronary arteries carry out the task of supplying the blood to heart muscles. In the event that these are blocked or the stream of blood is diminished, the heart can’t get the blood supply that it requires.

2. Heart attack:

According to a heart hospital in Delhi, congestive heart failure is also caused as a result of the heart attack. A sudden block of the arteries cause scars in the tissue of the heart which could lead to heart attack.

3. Cardiomyopathy:

Damage to the heart muscle apart from the artery or blood flow problems also causes the problem of congestive heart failure.

4. Conditions overworking the heart:

The conditions such as hypertension, valve disease, kidney disease or any other heart defects present from birth also contribute to the problem of congestive heart failure.

Symptoms of congestive heart failure:

The main symptoms of congestive heart failure, according to a heart hospital in Delhi, include the following:
1. Congested lungs
2. Fluid retention
3. Dizziness and fatigue
4. Irregular as well as rapid heartbeats.

Congestive heart failure shares its symptoms with various other conditions as well. Thus, if a person is suffering from the above-mentioned symptoms, it does not mean that he/she is suffering from congestive heart failure.

However, if a person is suffering from one or more symptoms, he/she is required to consult with the doctor for the evaluation of their heart.

People who have been diagnosed with the condition of congestive heart failure are required to monitor all their symptoms carefully and are expected to report any sudden changes that they experience.

Treatment of congestive heart failure:

Just like the heart enlargement treatment, the treatment of congestive heart failure is also available with the heart hospitals in Delhi. The treatment choices of this condition center around treating any condition which may cause heart disappointment.

The common treatments for congestive heart failure include the following:

1. ACE inhibitors.
2. Diuretics
3. Beta-blockers
4. Anticoagulants
5. Digoxin
6. Antiplatelet medicine

1. Heart valve surgery
2. Heart transplant
3. The implantable left ventricular assist device.